Rodent Control Treatment

Rats have lived in close association with man ever since the dawn of civilization when he gave up his nomadic life and settled down to farming and other occupations .

Inspite of living close to man and sharing his food and his abode , rats have always remained undomesticated . They have destroyed his food , property and carried disease to him and have proved to be his most formidable enemy in the animal kingdom .

Disinfection means ridding of vermin infection by the application of and insecticidal spray . In other words , any physical or chemical process serving to destroy undesired small animal forms particularly arthropods or rodents present in the environment of an individual or domestic animals .

The objective of disinfection treatment in a premises is to control the infestation by such pests as Cockroaches , Bedbugs , Silverfish , Book-lice . Red and Black Ants,moths .Good sanitary practices and compliance with good industry practices are fundamental to sanitary pest free operations The cockroach is one of the filthiest of household pests as it stinks worse than any other insect .

Some important and interesting facts about rats:

According to recent estimates the rat population in India is about 5000 million or 6-8 rats per person.

6 rats eat as much food grain as one person and destroy 10 times the quantity they eat .

Rats are extremely prolific animals . Under favourable conditions the progeny of one pair of rats in one year can be 800 and in 3 years 350 million.

General Disinfection Treatment

GENERAL DISINFECTION TREATMENT : The General Disinfection Treatment provided by us comprises of three different chemicals which are used in different ratios so as to effectively minimize the presence of pest . These insecticides are used in two bases i.e. oil base and water base .

ADVANTAGES OF OIL BASE : Oil itself is an insecticide . When spraying over wooden articles it does not harm the wooden cellulose which prevents the expansion of wooden articles .

ADVANTAGES OF WATER BASE : The chemical solution does not leave any stain on walls , curtains or for the matter of fact on any clothing .

GENERAL DISINFECTION TREATMENT :

Trade name of Pesticide : Combination of Chemicals .

The product is based on the insecticide mixture of natural pyrethrum and lindane .

Type of action : Knock down and residual .

Concentration of insecticide : Pyrethrum : 0.02% Lindane : 0.02% Synergists : 0.5%

Can be used effectively against cockroaches , bed bugs , silverfish and etc. Area of usage : Spot application in drains , manholes , greenery and outside of plinth structure and also as a space spray .

Toxicity :

Pyrethrum : Acute oral LD 50 – Rat – 200 – 1500 mg/kg . Lindane : Acute oral LD 50 – Rat – 76 – 101 mg/kg . Antidote : Phenobarbitone (0.7 gm / day )

FLY / CRICKET CONTROL TREATMENT

A fly / cricket is an organism that carries pathogens from one host to another. Flies which belong to the order Diptera are known as vectors and are perhaps the most widespread of all insects .

Apart from causing annoyance flies are a potential health hazard . The economic importance of the said vectors stems from the fact that these are carriers of a number of dreaded diseases .Flies transmit bacterial diseases such as Salmonella , Typhoid , Cholera , Tuberculosis and Ophthalmic .

Among the various species of flies , we are concerned with the common house – fly which belongs to two main species – Musca vicino and Musca nebulo – the later being more common Houseflies breed in fermenting vegetable and animal matter and other filth without with they cannot exist despite a high reproductive capacity . House – flies are prevalent throughout the year but abound during the monsoon when the conditions are favourable for their breeding and living .

METHODOLOGY OF TREATMENT This treatment is directed against surfaces in and around animal shelters , fly breeding or resting . The preferred indoor night resting sites such as edges , strings , wires etc. are to be covered by residual spray. In warm nights houseflies may prefer exterior surfaces of building fences , trees and shrubs . Hand operated or power operated sprayers and used of residual treatment .

Cords and Strips :Insecticides treated cords or strips may be hung from rafters or ceilings . They are suspended under the one meter of cord is used for each square meter of floor space .

Space treatment :Indoor treatment is directed towards dwellings , open space and etc. . Outdoors areas to be treated are dumps , recreation sites , garbage containers.

Snake Control Treatment

SNAKE CONTROL :

Fumigation of Burrows .

Liberal spraying of combination of chemicals specifically in shurbs and weeds adjoining all the main buildings including the plant .

Spraying of chemicals along the marshy places and running water stream.

SNAKE CONTROL :The chemical for this service are :a) Malathion & b) Carbolic Acid . a) Trade name of Pesticide : Malathion . Type of action : Contact . Concentration of insecticide : 0.5 to 2% ai . This is considered one of the safest insecticide and particularly used in marshy area , greenery . Toxicity : LD 50 – 1375 mg / kg . Antidote : Atropine .

HONEY BEE TREATMENT

Honey Bees are social insects and live a s colonies in hives , with mature colonies of 20,000 – 80,000 individuals . Adults are represented by workers which are infertile females , a queen or inseminated female , and drones (males) which come from unfertilized eggs .

The young workers care for the young or brood , build the comb , provide hive ventilation , and guard the hive entrance . Older workers serve as foragers to gather pollen , nectar and propolis or bee glue . Workers live only about 5 to 7 weeks during the summer but those emerging in the autumn , over winter . Drones (males) appear periodically and are short lived , usually living only a few weeks .

Honey bee swarm primarily when the colony size gets too large for the available hive space or the queen begins to wane or fails . New queens are produced and the old queen leaves with a large number of workers .

HONEY BEE CONTROL Pesticides formulation would be liberally sprayed on all the hives using pressure pumps so that the bees are killed then and there and the hives are removed .

HONEY BEE CONTROL : The chemical for this service are : a) Malathion & b) Chlorpyriphos . a) Trade name of Pesticide : Malathion . Type of action : Contact . Concentration of insecticide :0.5 to 2% ai . This is considered one of the safest insecticide and is effective when sprayed over the honey bee hive . Toxicity : LD 50 – 1375 mg / kg . Antidote : Atropine .

INSECTOCUTOR (Flying Insect catcher)

Insectocutor is an electrically operated fly / flying insects control equipment which has a black light flourescent tube and an electrified grid . These are housed in a sleek box with a grill and a tray at the bottom . THE FRAME IS POWDER COATED . Hence it looks more attractive .

Flying insects are attracted by the light emitted by flourescent tubes . The insects are electrocuted and killed while passing through the electrified grid . The dead insects get collected in the tray . The tray can be taken out and clean as and when needed . The light rays emitted from the tube are not harmful to human beings , since they are of low frequency as compared to germicidal rays , and have a wave length of 300 nM to 400 nM . The Insectocutor work on single phase AC electric supply of 230 V , 50 Hz.